Public Health and Primary CareREVIEW

Evidence for the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Jay H. Shubrook, DO; William Chen, DO; and Alegria Lim, OMS IV
Notes and Affiliations
Notes and Affiliations

Received: May 28, 2018

Accepted: July 2, 2018

Published: November 1, 2018

J Osteopath Med; 118(11): 730-737

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a common chronic metabolic condition. Before receiving this diagnosis, persons typically have a long period of prediabetes. There is good evidence that T2DM can often be prevented or delayed by means of lifestyle interventions (39%-71%), medications (28%-79%), or metabolic surgery (75%). However, despite consistent data demonstrating their efficacy, these tools are underused, and knowledge about them among primary care physicians is limited. In an effort to engage physicians in addressing this public health crisis more effectively, the authors reviewed the evidence that T2DM can be prevented or delayed in persons at risk.

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