Public Health and Primary CareReview Article

Vitamin D Deficiency, Its Role in Health and Disease, and Current Supplementation Recommendations

Kim M. Pfotenhauer, DO, and Jay H. Shubrook, DO
Notes and Affiliations
Notes and Affiliations

Received: January 14, 2017

Accepted: February 2, 2017

Published: May 1, 2017

J Osteopath Med; 117(5): 301-305

Vitamin D deficiency has been identified as a common metabolic/endocrine abnormality. Despite known dietary sources of vitamin D and the role of sunlight in its production, much of the US population may have inadequate levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Deficiency of vitamin D can be caused by a variety of health conditions, but studies on the effects of vitamin D supplements have had mixed results. This evidence based clinical review discusses what is currently known about vitamin D and what areas need further research to clarify its role in health and disease.

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