Medical EducationCOMMENTARY

Academic Advising Using Theoretical Approaches for Medical Students Who Are Struggling in Preclinical Years

Sweta Tewary, PhD, MSW, MMIS; Jennifer A. Jordan, EdD; Arif M. Rana, PhD, EdS, MS, MPH, MA; and Bindu Mayi, PhD, MSc
Notes and Affiliations
Notes and Affiliations

Received: September 20, 2019

Accepted: October 10, 2019

Published: April 1, 2020

J Osteopath Med; 120(4): 228-235

Theoretical approaches provide a foundation for helping students in academic settings. The application of learning theories in medical education is also well documented. However, very few studies have applied a theoretical framework to academic advising for struggling students in the preclinical years of their medical education. This article summarizes key learning theories and their application to commonly found problems among first- and second-year medical students. The authors review current advising processes based on widely used theories in medical education and cite examples from their practices about how these theories can be used in effective academic advising. They also discuss the importance of using a holistic approach while helping students overcome academic barriers during their time in medical school.

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