Articles related toMedical Education

UGRC 2021 recommendations on GME transition: pros and cons, opportunities and limitations

John R. Gimpel, DO, MEd; Jennifer L. Swails, MD; Jessica L. Bienstock, MD, MPH; Grant L. Lin, MD; Michelle A. Roett, MD, MPH; Juhee K. Patel, DO; and Daniel W. Giang, MD
The Coalition for Physician Accountability’s Undergraduate Medical Education-Graduate Medical Education (UME-GME) Review Committee (UGRC): Recommendations for Comprehensive Improvement of the UME-GME Transition final report includes a total of 34 recommendations and outlines opportunities to transform the current processes of learner transition from a US-based MD- or DO-granting medical school or international medical education pathway into residency training in the United States. This review provides a reflection on the recommendations from the authors, all members of the UGRC, describing the pros and cons and the opportunities and limitations, in the hopes that they might inspire readers to dig deeper into the report and contribute to meaningful improvements to the current transition.
Advance Article

Osteopathic medical students’ understanding of race-based medicine

Morgan Jivens, DO; Ifeoma Okafor, DO; and Elizabeth A. Beverly, PhD
Race-based medicine perpetuates biases and diverts attention and resources from the social determinants of health that cause racial health inequities. Minimal research has examined medical students’ understanding of race-based medicine. The purpose of this study was to assess osteopathic medical students’ knowledge, beliefs, and experiences with race-based medicine.
J Osteopath Med; 122(6): 277-287

Addressing disparities in medicine through medical curriculum change: a student perspective

Amina Kureshi, DO; Scott Landman; Meher Ahmed; Olga V. Savinova, PhD; and Diane Becker, DO
In this article, the authors outline how various tools may be utilized to review and update medical school curricula to include more diverse patient populations and encourage student discussion on health equity, social determinants of health, and cultural competency.
Advance Article

Reported completion of the USMLE Step 1 and match outcomes among senior osteopathic students in 2020

Dhimitri A. Nikolla, DO; Chad V. Stratford, DO; and Kaitlin M. Bowers, DO
The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) is not required for osteopathic students to match into postgraduate programs; however, it is unknown if taking the test improves their chances of matching. The objective of this study was to determine the association between taking the USMLE Step 1 and matching into the applicant’s preferred specialty for senior osteopathic students applying to the 10 specialties to which students applied most in 2020.
Advance Article

Medical student research opportunities: a survey of osteopathic medical schools in the United States

Tyler Hamby, PhD; Don P. Wilson, MD; Priya Bui, DO; Jonathan Lowery, PhD; and Riyaz Basha, PhD
This study aims to assess the availability of research opportunities currently offered to osteopathic medical students and to identify structured research programs to provide data that may help colleges of osteopathic medicine expand such opportunities.
J Osteopath Med; 122(6): 289-295

Parental leave in medical school: supporting students as parents

Sheila R. Ortega, DO; Jacob M. Barnes, DO; and Jacquelyn D. Waller, PharmD, BCPS
The authors searched the websites of 42 colleges of osteopathic medicine for student handbooks outlining rules and policies surrounding parental leave.
J Osteopath Med; 122(5): 229-233

Development of Osteopathic Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (ONMM) residency curriculum guidelines to meet Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones

Elizabeth S. Balyakina, DO, MS, MPH; Malinda M. Hansen, DO, MS, CAQSM; and David Mason, DO, MBA
The primary purpose of this study was to develop a proposed structure and content for an ONMM residency curriculum that is based on (1) the alignment of residency curriculum with ACGME milestones in one ACGME-accredited ONMM residency program, and (2) the perceived needs of residents and faculty for an ONMM residency curriculum.
J Osteopath Med; 122(4): 175-185

Medical students’ perceptions of understanding skills needed in treating cardiac patients through simulation-based encounters in a clinical skills curriculum

Brian G. Mann, EdD, PA-C; and Olawunmi Obisesan, PhD, DHEd
Simulation-based education can enhance medical students’ understanding of clinical concepts as they learn the key elements needed to treat patients with various medical conditions. The integration of simulation programs into medical school curricula increases students’ exposure to this type of learning. The authors attempt to determine the effectiveness of simulation activities on medical students’ perceptions of understanding cardiac rhythm identification and the pharmacology skills necessary to manage a stable patient with cardiac arrhythmia.
J Osteopath Med; 122(3): 133-139

A retrospective and correlative analysis of academic and nonacademic predictors of COMLEX level 1 performance

Michael W. Kortz, BS, OMS III; Brian M. Kongs, BA, OMS III; Dominic R. Bisesi, BA, OMS IV; Marissa Roffler, PhD; and Ryan M. Sheehy, PhD
This study aimed to evaluate academic and nonacademic factors and to correlate them with COMLEX Level 1 performance, and additional analysis was conducted to associate COMLEX Level 1 performance with academic and nonacademic factors when controlling for GPA.
J Osteopath Med; 122(4): 187-194

The effectiveness of the metabolic map in promoting meaningful learning

Zeynep Gromley, PhD; Chinelo Agwuncha, OMS, I; Vinayak K. Nahar, MD, PhD; and Adam Gromley, PhD
Many medical students and practicing physicians view biochemistry, especially its metabolic pathways, as a challenging topic given the depth of material. Medical biochemistry educators aim to help prepare future physicians to apply knowledge of metabolism to disease processes. Research confirms that study tools promote critical thinking and help to connect biochemistry concepts to health and disease processes. This article explores whether the Pathways of Human Metabolism Map as a study tool helps to connect basic metabolic pathways to clinical applications.
J Osteopath Med; 122(3): 125-131