Articles related toNMM/OMT

Osteopathic manipulative treatment use among family medicine residents in a teaching clinic

Garrett Caldwell, DO; Leezanne Zeng, DO; Jennifer Kaufman, DO; and Joel Bates, DO
The objective of this study is to quantify how often osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) was performed by residents in an osteopathically recognized family medicine training clinic and to identify the perceived barriers to performing OMT.
Advance Article

Cranial osteopathic techniques and electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha power: a controlled crossover trial

Mattia Cella, MSc, DO; Eric Acella, MSc, DO; Alessandro Aquino, MSc, DO; and Viviana Pisa, PhD
This study aims to determine whether the sacral technique, compared to the compression of the fourth ventricle technique, can affect brain alpha-band power as an indicator of a neurophysiological connection between the occiput and sacrum.
Advance Article

Effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment vs. osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine on Parkinsonian gait

Zachary T. Terrell, MS; Sarah C. Moudy, PhD; Kendi L. Hensel, DO, PhD; and Rita M. Patterson, PhD
This study aims to determine whether a single session of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) or OMT + osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine can improve the gait of individuals with Parkinson’s disease by addressing joint restrictions in the sagittal plane and by increasing range of motion in the lower limb.
J Osteopath Med; 122(5): 243-251

Retention of tissue texture change after cervical muscle energy and high velocity low amplitude intervention: implications for treatment intervals

Precious L. Barnes, DO, MS, MS; Frank J. Casella, BS; Hilda Lai, MS; Olavi Airaksinen, MD, PhD; and Michael L. Kuchera, DO, FAAO, FNAOME
When choosing to incorporate osteopathic manipulative treatment into a patient’s care, the risk-to-benefit ratio, the choice of treatment technique, as well as the frequency of treatments are always taken into consideration. This study compared two treatment modalities — muscle energy and high-velocity low-amplitude postcervical treatment — to determine whether a significant change in cervical hysteresis would be observed after each treatment regardless of a short treatment interval.
J Osteopath Med; 122(4): 203-209

Lymphatic osteopathic manipulative treatment reduces duration of deltoid soreness after Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine

Sylvia Marshall, OMS III; Sara Winter, PA-C, MS; and John D. Capobianco, DO, FAAO
Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 is one of the three U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved vaccines for the prevention of COVID-19. Its most common side effect, injection site pain, occurs because of locally recruited inflammatory mediators and is mitigated by the lymphatic system. Side effects may discourage individuals from receiving vaccines; therefore, reducing the duration of injection site pain can promote vaccination compliance. Osteopathic manipulative treatments (OMT) can directly affect the physiology underlying muscle soreness; however, there is currently no literature that supports the use of OMT in this scenario. In this case report, an otherwise healthy male presented with acute left deltoid soreness after receiving the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine. Three hours after being treated with lymphatic OMT, the severity of the pain was significantly reduced and was alleviated 8 hours after onset in comparison to the median duration of 24–48 hours.
J Osteopath Med; 122(3): 153-157

Cranial manipulation affects cholinergic pathway gene expression in aged rats

Ramu Anandakrishnan, PhD; Hope Tobey, DO; Steven Nguyen, BS; Osscar Sandoval, BS; Bradley G. Klein, PhD; and Blaise M. Costa, PhD
Age-dependent dementia is a devastating disorder afflicting a growing older population. Although pharmacological agents improve symptoms of dementia, age-related comorbidities combined with adverse effects often outweigh their clinical benefits. Therefore, nonpharmacological therapies are being investigated as an alternative. In a previous pilot study, aged rats demonstrated improved spatial memory after osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine (OCMM) treatment. In this continuation of the aforementioned study, the authors examine the effect of OCMM on gene expression to elicit possible explanations for the improvement in spatial memory.
J Osteopath Med; 122(2): 95-103

Effect of osteopathic manipulation on gait asymmetry

Cherice N. Hill, PhD; M’Lindsey Romero, DO; Mark Rogers, DO; Robin M. Queen, PhD; and Per Gunnar Brolinson, DO
Osteopathic manipulation treatments (OMTs) targeting identified somatic dysfunctions can correct structural asymmetries and malalignment, restoring the ability for proper compensation of stresses throughout the body. Little is currently known about the ability for OMTs to reduce gait asymmetries, thereby reducing the risk of injury, accelerated disease progression, and suboptimal recovery. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate whether osteopathic screening and treatment could alter movement and loading asymmetry during treadmill walking.
J Osteopath Med; 122(2): 85-94

Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment of a 27-Year-Old Man After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Mark R. Gugel, DO, and William L. Johnston, DO
J Osteopath Med; 106(6): 346-349

Evaluating for a correlation between osteopathic examination and ultrasonography on thoracic spine asymmetry

Shirley Chang, OMS IV; Jason Maddox, OMS IV; Erich Berg, OMS IV; Karen Kim, OMS III; Scott Messier, OMS IV; Loren Swanson, OMS IV; Richard Dobrusin, DO; Amy B. Stein, PhD; G. Nathan Nakken, DO; Jeannine Noble, PT; and Randall Nydam, PhD
The thoracic spine is a common area of focus in osteopathic manipulative medicine for a variety of conditions. Thoracic spine somatic dysfunction diagnosis is achieved by palpating for asymmetry at the tips of the transverse processes. This authors examine the relationship between osteopathic palpation and ultrasonographic measurements of the thoracic spine by creating a study design that utilizes interexaminer agreement and correlation.
J Osteopath Med; 122(1): 31-43

Efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a narrative review

Raymond Li, OMS IV; Ann Jose, OMS IV; Jessica Poon, OMS IV; Cindy Zou, OMS IV; Maria Istafanos, OMS IV; and Sheldon C. Yao, DO
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that leads to impaired motor and non-motor function in patients. PD is non-curative and gradually reduces quality of life, leading patients to seek treatment for symptom management. Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) applies the biomechanical, neurologic, circulatory, metabolic, and psychosocial models in approaching and treating the major symptomatology of PD patients. This article evaluates the literature published in the past 10 years analyzing evidence on OMT and its functional application on gait, balance, motor function, bradykinesia, and autonomic dysfunctions, and to identify promising avenues for further investigation.
J Osteopath Med; 121(12): 891-898