Articles related toCardiopulmonary Medicine

Systolic blood pressure in acute ischemic stroke and impact on clinical outcomes

Michelle Wallen, DO; Paul Banerjee, DO; Amanda Webb-McAdams, MD; Amber Mirajkar, MD; Tej Stead; and Latha Ganti, MD
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of systolic blood pressure in the emergency department with stroke severity in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
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Effects of the Strong Hearts program after a major cardiovascular event in patients with cardiovascular disease

Bruce E. Murphy, MD, PhD; Peyton D. Card, MD; Leybi Ramirez-Kelly, MD; Amanda M. Xaysuda, MPH; and R. Eric Heidel, PhD
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Strong Hearts program (a 9-week structured intensive cardiac rehabilitation program) in cardiovascular patients following a major cardiovascular event.
J Osteopath Med; 123(6): 279-285

Safe endovascular retrieval of a vena cava filter after duodenal perforation

Michael J. Avery, DO; Nicole R. Cullen, MD; Mark L. Lessne, MD; Bradley W. Thomas, MD; and Ronald F. Sing, DO
The use of vena cava filters (VCF) is a common procedure utilized in the prevention of pulmonary embolism, yet VCFs have some significant and known complications, such as strut penetration and migration. This case describes a 66-year-old woman who was found to have a filter migration and the techniques that were utilized to remove this filter.
J Osteopath Med; 122(12): 605-608

Propionibacterium acnes: an uncommon cause of lung abscess in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated with bullous emphysema

Arun Adlakha, MD, FCCP, and Neha Muppala, OMS IV
The authors present a rare case of a common skin commensal, Propionibacterium acnes, that infected the left upper lobe of the lung of a 57-year-old man.
J Osteopath Med; 122(10): 493-497

Financial conflicts of interest during meetings of the cardiovascular and renal drugs advisory committee

Blake Bertolino, BS; Nicholas Kinder, BS; Craig Cooper, BS; Harrison Gray, BS; Wade Arthur, BS; Joseph Ahlander, PhD; Alainna Simpson, BS; and Matt Vassar, PhD
The purpose is to evaluate whether public speakers with a financial conflict of interest are more likely to provide positive testimony regarding the drug in question during Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee meetings of the FDA between February 2009 and December 2019 through the use of publicly available transcripts.
J Osteopath Med; 122(9): 445-451

C-reactive protein levels associated with COVID-19 outcomes in the United States

Jacob Lentner, OMS III; Taylor Adams, OMS IV; Valene Knutson, OMS III; Sarah Zeien, OMS IV; Hassan Abbas, OMS III; Ryan Moosavi, OMS III; Chris Manuel, OMS III; Thomas Wallace, MD; Adam Harmon, MD; Richard Waters, MD; Samuel Ledford, MD; Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, MD; Nikhil Jagan, MD; Nezar Falluji, MD; Michael DelCore, MD; Curt Bay, PhD; and Sunny Jhamnani, MD
COVID-19 caused a worldwide pandemic and there are still many uncertainties about the disease. C-reactive protein (CRP) levels could be utilized as a prognosticator for disease severity in COVID-19 patients. This study aims to determine whether CRP levels are correlated with COVID-19 patient outcomes and length of stay.
J Osteopath Med; 121(12): 869-873

Functional evaluation of the diaphragm with a noninvasive test

Bruno Bordoni, DO, PhD; and Allan R. Escher, DO
Cardiac surgery with median sternotomy causes iatrogenic damage to the function of the diaphragm muscle that is both temporary and permanent. Myocardial infarction itself causes diaphragmatic genetic alterations, which lead the muscle to nonphysiological adaptation. This article reviews the neurophysiological relationships of the diaphragm muscle and the symptoms of diaphragmatic contractile dysfunction, and the authors discuss a scientific basis for the use of a new noninstrumental diaphragmatic test in the hope of stimulating research.
J Osteopath Med; 121(11): 835-842

Measuring Thoracic Excursion: Reliability of the Cloth Tape Measure Technique

Susan E. Bockenhauer, DO; Haifan Chen, DO; Kell N. Julliard, MA, MFA; and Jeremy Weedon, PhD
J Osteopath Med; 107(5): 191-196

Spin in the abstracts of systematic reviews and metaanalyses focused on percutaneous coronary intervention

Wesley Tanner Cole, BS; Peter Wittl, BS; Wade Arthur, BS; Ryan Ottwell, BS; Benjamin Greiner, DO, MPH; Gershon Koshy, DO; Justin Chronister, DO; Micah Hartwell, PhD; Jonathan Staheli, BS; Drew N. Wright, MLS; Meghan Sealey, MS; Lan Zhu, PhD; and Matt Vassar, PhD
“Spin” is a form of bias that involves highlighting study results in a way that presents the conclusions about benefit or efficacy beyond the scope of the data. Spin in the abstract of published studies has the potential to affect patient care, making investigations about its presence and prevalence important for readers. The authors evaluate the most severe types of spin in the abstracts of systematic reviews and metaanalyses focused on percutaneous coronary intervention.
J Osteopath Med; 121(9): 723-731

Self-Reported Cardiac Risks and Interest in Risk Modification Among Volunteer Firefighters: A Survey-Based Study

Patrick Scanlon, PA-C, DO, and Elizabeth Ablah, PhD, MPH
J Osteopath Med; 108(12): 694-698