Articles related toPediatrics

Association and disparities of food insecurity and exposure to violence: analysis of the National Survey of Children’s Health

Molly Bloom, BS; Cassie McCoy, BS; Amy D. Hendrix-Dicken, MA; Covenant Elenwo, MPH; Michael A. Baxter, DO; Sara Coffey, DO; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The authors' primary objective was to assess the relationship between parent-reported exposure to violence and food insecurity among children utilizing data from the National Survey of Children’s Health.
Advance Article

Associations of social determinants of health and childhood obesity: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2021 National Survey of Children’s Health

Kelsi Batioja, BS; Covenant Elenwo, MPH; Amy Hendrix-Dicken, MA; Lamiaa Ali, MD; Marianna S. Wetherill, PhD; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The authors' primary objective was to utilize the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) 2021 data to determine the current associations between childhood obesity and SDOH. Secondarily, we estimated the prevalence of select SDOH among children with obesity.
Advance Article

Effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment on children with plagiocephaly in the context of current pediatric practice: a retrospective chart review study

Hollis H. King, PhD, DO; Julie Mai, DO; Mary Anne Morelli Haskell, DO; Kimberly Wolf, DO; and Megan Sweeney, MPH
This retrospective chart review investigated the effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment at restoring a more symmetrical cranial bone configuration in children with deformational plagiocephaly.
J Osteopath Med; 124(4): 171-177

Person-centered language and pediatric ADHD research: a cross-sectional examination of stigmatizing language within medical literature

Kristyn Robling, BS; Caitlin Cosby, BS; Gunner Parent, BS; Swapnil Gajjar, BS; Tessa Chesher, DO; Michael Baxter, DO; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The goal of this study is to quantify the adherence to person-centered language among ADHD-related journal publications utilizing a cross-sectional study design.
J Osteopath Med; 123(4): 215-222

Evaluation of academic detailing to educate clinicians regarding childhood lead poisoning prevention: a pilot study

Nicholas C. Newman, DO, MS; Jacqueline M. Knapke, PhD; Rachael Kiniyalocts, BA; John Belt, MS; and Erin Haynes, DrPH
The objectives of this study were to implement a pilot of academic detailing sessions on the topic of childhood lead poisoning prevention with frontline healthcare providers and their staff in different practice settings, and to evaluate the acceptability of these training sessions utilizing quantitative and qualitative methods.
J Osteopath Med; 123(3): 159-165

Racial discrimination among children in the United States from 2016 to 2020: an analysis of the National Survey of Children’s Health

Covenant Elenwo, MPH; Amy Hendrix-Dicken, MA; Vanessa Lin, BA; Ashton Gatewood, MPH; Tessa Chesher, DO; Michelle Escala, MD; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The authors assess racial discrimination trends among US children reported by parents utilizing the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) dataset from 2016 to 2020.
J Osteopath Med; 123(2): 103-111

Asthma medications in schools: a cross-sectional analysis of the Asthma Call-back Survey 2017-2018

Rachel Wilkins, BS; Sadie Schiffmacher, BS; Ashton Gatewood, MPH; Lauren Conway, DO; Ben Greiner, DO; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
In this study the authors analyze the prevalence of schoolchildren having access to asthma medications and written asthma action plans in schools. A secondary objective was to see if there were differences between urban and rural populations.
J Osteopath Med; 122(11): 581-586

Spontaneous neonatal subcutaneous emphysema: analysis of neonatal management

Abraham M. Quader, OMS III; and Craig Sussman, MD
Neonatal subcutaneous emphysema is a very rare complication of endotracheal intubation or surgery; however, only a few cases of spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema were reported in a neonate. The authors present the case of a patient who presented in respiratory distress with a low SaO2, but no clinical signs of subcutaneous emphysema were seen.
J Osteopath Med; 122(9): 465-467

Investigating the safety and feasibility of osteopathic medicine in the pediatric oncology outpatient setting

Jennifer A. Belsky, DO, MS; Joseph R. Stanek, MS; and Melissa J. Rose, DO
Pediatric patients receiving chemotherapy experience unwanted therapy-induced side effects, commonly constipation and pain that diminish quality of life. To date, few studies have investigated the safety and feasibility of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in pediatric oncology. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the safety and feasibility of OMT in pediatric oncology outpatient clinics.
J Osteopath Med; 122(8):

Factors affecting utilization of CT scan following ultrasound evaluation of suspected appendicitis

Adam Zisman, DO; Brian Novi, DO; John Gaughan, PhD; and Lauren Carr, DO
When evaluating a pediatric patient in the emergency department for suspected appendicitis, a provider is often faced with the dilemma of deciding if a computed tomography (CT) scan is warranted when—as is most often the case—ultrasound results do not yield a definitive diagnosis. The potential risks of radiation must be weighed against numerous aspects of a patient’s background, physical exam, and already-obtained workup. This study aims to aid in future decision making of providers in their evaluation of patients with suspected appendicitis.
J Osteopath Med; 122(6): 313-318