Articles related toMusculoskeletal Medicine and Pain

Revisiting chronic low back pain: evidence that it is not non-specific

Clarence L. Nicodemus, DO, PhD; Alla Sikorskii, PhD; and Jessica Epstein, MS
The objective of this study is to show that chronic low back pain (CLBP) presents as a pattern of symptoms that actually represents the final common pathway for a dysfunctional lumbosacropelvic joint system. Rather than being “nonspecific,” the majority of CLBP has an underlying cause that is quite specific and predictable.
Advance Article

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome in a patient with restrictive cardiomyopathy and portal hypertension

Christopher Lu, MD; Min Yoo, MD, MSCR; and Arthur J. De Luigi, DO, MHA
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a condition that produces exercise-induced pain and swelling due to a transient increase in compartment pressures. We present a unique case of CECS in a patient without the traditional risk factors but rather diagnosed with cardiac cirrhosis and portal hypertension.
J Osteopath Med; 122(12): 631-634

Lower trapezius muscle function in people with and without shoulder and neck pain: a systematic review

Daniel M. Wang, BS; Crystal Li, BS, BA; Nicole Hatchard, BS; George C. Chang Chien, DO; and John Alm, DO
This systematic review analyzes those with a history of, or who are currently managing, shoulder or neck pain to indicate differences in measures of lower trapezius function when compared to subjects without that pain.
Advance Article

Advancing care and research for traumatic brain injury: a roadmap

Julieanne P. Sees, DO, MBA, FAOAO, FAOA, FAAOS; Chanel Matney, PhD; and Katherine Bowman, PhD
This article will discuss the roadmap to help guide the field of traumatic brain injury (TBI) care and research, including key conclusions and recommendations for actions to advance progress over the next decade while embracing a comprehensive bio-psycho-socio-ecological model of TBI care.
Advance Article

Pain and functional recovery from chronic low back pain over 12 months: implications for osteopathic medicine

John C. Licciardone, DO, MS, MBA; and Vishruti Pandya, MBBS, MHA, MSPH
This study aimed to measure the risk of recovery from chronic low back pain based on low back pain intensity and back-related functioning measures reported by participants within a pain research registry over 12 months of observation and to consider the implications for osteopathic medicine.
J Osteopath Med; 122(12): 623-630

Optimizing chronic pain management through patient engagement with quality of life measures: a randomized controlled trial

John C. Licciardone, DO, MS, MBA, FACPM; Hanna McDonald, MS; McKenna Yablon, MPH; Wayne Ngo, MS; Kimberly Ann Cunanan Garza, BS; and Subhash Aryal, PhD
The authors assess the value and utility of an eHealth intervention for patients with chronic low back pain that was primarily based on health-related quality of life measures and also measure the clinical outcomes associated with its use.
J Osteopath Med; 122(11): 571-580

The impact of self-efficacy on nonoperative treatment of atraumatic shoulder pain

Louis C. Grandizio, DO; Lisa J. Choe, MD; Lisa Follett, DO; Andrew Laychur, MD; and Amanda Young, MS
Atraumatic shoulder pain is frequently encountered in primary care and surgical clinics. With increased recognition of the biopsychosocial model, there has been an increased emphasis on identifying patient factors associated with less effective coping strategies such as pain catastrophizing. It remains uncertain what impact self-efficacy has on the response to nonoperative treatment of shoulder pain. The authors sought to determine the influence of patient coping strategies (self-efficacy) on the outcome of nonoperative treatment of atraumatic shoulder pain.
J Osteopath Med; 122(6): 297-302

Osteopathic approach to sacroiliac joint pain in pregnant patients

Kaori Morimoto, BA; Alisha Harrington, BS, MAOM; Claudia Nelson, MS; and Brian Loveless, DO
This paper provides comprehensive review of the epidemiology, anatomy, alarm findings, standard treatment, osteopathic assessment, and osteopathic manipulative treatment of the sacroiliac (SI) joint, and it provides a general and in-depth understanding of the SI joint pain in pregnant patients and its management.
J Osteopath Med; 122(5): 235-242

Clinical evaluation and management of calcific tendinopathy: an evidence-based review

Michael Catapano, MD; David M. Robinson, MD; Sean Schowalter, MD; and Kelly C. McInnis, DO
This paper aims to focus on the clinical evaluation of calcific tendinopathy by reviewing the anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, examination, and approach to imaging as well as by providing an overview of evidence-based treatment options.
J Osteopath Med; 122(3): 141-151

An analysis of publication trends of orthopedic surgery residency graduates in relation to academic achievement

Marvin Carr, BS, OMS III; J. Michael Anderson, BS, OMS IV; Samuel Shepard, BS, OMS III; James Hobbs, BS, OMS III; Corbin Walters, BS, OMS IV; Austin L. Johnson, BS, OMS IV; and Matt Vassar, PhD
In this study, the authors determine whether publishing in peer-reviewed journals during orthopedic residencies was an indicator of continued academic achievement after graduation.
J Osteopath Med; 122(4): 195-202