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Effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment vs. osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine on Parkinsonian gait
This study aims to determine whether a single session of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) or OMT + osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine can improve the gait of individuals with Parkinson’s disease by addressing joint restrictions in the sagittal plane and by increasing range of motion in the lower limb.
J Osteopath Med; 122(5): 243-251
Retention of tissue texture change after cervical muscle energy and high velocity low amplitude intervention: implications for treatment intervals
When choosing to incorporate osteopathic manipulative treatment into a patient’s care, the risk-to-benefit ratio, the choice of treatment technique, as well as the frequency of treatments are always taken into consideration. This study compared two treatment modalities — muscle energy and high-velocity low-amplitude postcervical treatment — to determine whether a significant change in cervical hysteresis would be observed after each treatment regardless of a short treatment interval.
J Osteopath Med; 122(4): 203-209
Lymphatic osteopathic manipulative treatment reduces duration of deltoid soreness after Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 is one of the three U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved vaccines for the prevention of COVID-19. Its most common side effect, injection site pain, occurs because of locally recruited inflammatory mediators and is mitigated by the lymphatic system. Side effects may discourage individuals from receiving vaccines; therefore, reducing the duration of injection site pain can promote vaccination compliance. Osteopathic manipulative treatments (OMT) can directly affect the physiology underlying muscle soreness; however, there is currently no literature that supports the use of OMT in this scenario. In this case report, an otherwise healthy male presented with acute left deltoid soreness after receiving the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine. Three hours after being treated with lymphatic OMT, the severity of the pain was significantly reduced and was alleviated 8 hours after onset in comparison to the median duration of 24–48 hours.
J Osteopath Med; 122(3): 153-157
Cranial manipulation affects cholinergic pathway gene expression in aged rats
Age-dependent dementia is a devastating disorder afflicting a growing older population. Although pharmacological agents improve symptoms of dementia, age-related comorbidities combined with adverse effects often outweigh their clinical benefits. Therefore, nonpharmacological therapies are being investigated as an alternative. In a previous pilot study, aged rats demonstrated improved spatial memory after osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine (OCMM) treatment. In this continuation of the aforementioned study, the authors examine the effect of OCMM on gene expression to elicit possible explanations for the improvement in spatial memory.
J Osteopath Med; 122(2): 95-103
Effect of osteopathic manipulation on gait asymmetry
Osteopathic manipulation treatments (OMTs) targeting identified somatic dysfunctions can correct structural asymmetries and malalignment, restoring the ability for proper compensation of stresses throughout the body. Little is currently known about the ability for OMTs to reduce gait asymmetries, thereby reducing the risk of injury, accelerated disease progression, and suboptimal recovery. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate whether osteopathic screening and treatment could alter movement and loading asymmetry during treadmill walking.
J Osteopath Med; 122(2): 85-94
Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment of a 27-Year-Old Man After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
J Osteopath Med; 106(6): 346-349
Evaluating for a correlation between osteopathic examination and ultrasonography on thoracic spine asymmetry
The thoracic spine is a common area of focus in osteopathic manipulative medicine for a variety of conditions. Thoracic spine somatic dysfunction diagnosis is achieved by palpating for asymmetry at the tips of the transverse processes. This authors examine the relationship between osteopathic palpation and ultrasonographic measurements of the thoracic spine by creating a study design that utilizes interexaminer agreement and correlation.
J Osteopath Med; 122(1): 31-43
Efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a narrative review
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that leads to impaired motor and non-motor function in patients. PD is non-curative and gradually reduces quality of life, leading patients to seek treatment for symptom management. Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) applies the biomechanical, neurologic, circulatory, metabolic, and psychosocial models in approaching and treating the major symptomatology of PD patients. This article evaluates the literature published in the past 10 years analyzing evidence on OMT and its functional application on gait, balance, motor function, bradykinesia, and autonomic dysfunctions, and to identify promising avenues for further investigation.
J Osteopath Med; 121(12): 891-898
Construct validity and reliability of tests for sacroiliac dysfunction: standing flexion test (STFT) and sitting flexion test (SIFT)
Sacroiliac dysfunction is characterized by a hypomobility of the range of motion of the joint, followed by a positional change regarding the relationship between the sacrum and the iliac. In general, the clinical tests that evaluate the sacroiliac joint and its dysfunctions lack validity and reliability values. This article aims to evaluate the construct validity and intra- and inter-rater reliability of the standing flexion test and the sitting flexion test.
J Osteopath Med; 121(11): 849-856
Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment of a 26-Year-Old Woman With Bell’s Palsy
J Osteopath Med; 106(5): 285-289