Musculoskeletal Medicine and PainCOMMENTARY

Advancing care and research for traumatic brain injury: a roadmap

Julieanne P. Sees, DO, MBA, FAOAO, FAOA, FAAOS; Chanel Matney, PhD; and Katherine Bowman, PhD
Notes and Affiliations
Notes and Affiliations

Received: July 29, 2022

Accepted: July 29, 2022

Published: August 30, 2022

  • Julieanne P. Sees, DO, MBA, FAOAO, FAOA, FAAOS, 

    National Academy of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA

  • Chanel Matney, PhD, 

    National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, DC, USA

  • Katherine Bowman, PhD, 

    Study Director and Senior Program Officer, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, DC, USA

Abstract

Across all segments of society in the United States, millions of adults and children experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year, which may pose lifetime health and financial burdens in the billions of dollars. Efforts have been made to advance research and care with goals to improve awareness of the causes and consequences of TBI, but gaps still remain in understanding TBI and delivering high-quality care to everyone who needs it both in military and civilian life. At the request of the Department of Defense, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine recently convened experts to address existing gaps in brain injury science and systems of care. Although many people who experience a TBI recover fully, others experience long-term physical, emotional, and often financial consequences to the patient and family system, and require ongoing accommodations to support their return to the communities in which they live, learn, and work. A holistic approach within the context of osteopathic medicine may be helpful and enhance contributions within the field. This article will discuss the roadmap to help guide the field, including key conclusions and recommendations for actions to advance progress over the next decade while embracing a comprehensive bio-psycho-socio-ecological model of TBI care bringing in the distinctive osteopathic approach not only to improve care and outcomes, but also to understand patient and family experiences on their TBI journey.

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