Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a condition that produces exercise-induced pain and swelling due to a transient increase in compartment pressures. It is thought to be due to muscle hypertrophy and is classically associated with young athletes under 30, overtraining, anabolic steroid use, and aberrant running biomechanics. We present a unique case of CECS in a patient without the traditional risk factors but rather diagnosed with cardiac cirrhosis and portal hypertension. This patient’s exercise-induced bilateral leg pain met the CECS criteria for leg compartment pressure testing and was attributed to fluid retention secondary to his comorbidities. His symptoms significantly improved after initiating diuretic pharmacotherapy. Based on our literature review, there is a dearth of literature associating CECS with specific chronic cardiac or hepatic conditions as well as describing its incidence in these conditions.
Musculoskeletal Medicine and PainCASE REPORT
J Osteopath Med; 122(12): 631-634