Obstetrics/GynecologyReview Article

Nonpharmacologic Management of Symptoms in Females With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Narrative Review

Diana L. Speelman, PhD
Notes and Affiliations
Notes and Affiliations

Received: May 18, 2018

Accepted: June 12, 2018

Published: January 1, 2019

J Osteopath Med; 119(1): 25-39

Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common hormone disorder in females of reproductive age, affecting reproductive, metabolic, and cardiovascular health. With an unknown cause and a spectrum of common signs and symptoms, diagnosis is based on consensus criteria, and treatment options often target individual symptoms, with variable effectiveness. Safe, effective complementary and alternative therapies can be used to manage symptoms. The first-line intervention is lifestyle modification, including weight loss when appropriate, with caloric restriction and exercise to maintain a healthy weight. Low-carbohydrate and/or low-glycemic index diets can provide additional benefits, and nutritional supplements may be useful adjuncts. The recommended physical activity regimen should include both aerobic and resistance exercise.

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