Musculoskeletal Medicine and PainORIGINAL ARTICLE

Perceived Value of a Skills Laboratory With Virtual Reality Simulator Training in Arthroscopy: A Survey of Orthopedic Surgery Residents

Kevin Keith, DO, MS; Danielle M. Hansen, DO, MS; and Molly Ann Johannessen, PhD, MSc, MEd
Notes and Affiliations
Notes and Affiliations

Received: January 29, 2018

Accepted: March 5, 2018

Published: October 1, 2018

J Osteopath Med; 118(10): 667-672

Background: Arthroscopy is one of the most common procedures performed by orthopedic surgeons. Virtual reality (VR) simulation in general surgery residency training has been increasing over the past decade, but it has seen little use in the field of orthopedic surgery.

Objectives: To determine osteopathic orthopedic surgery residents’ perceived value of having access to a VR simulator before performing an arthroscopic procedure on a live patient.

Methods: A survey was developed and sent to all US osteopathic orthopedic surgery residency programs to be disseminated to all of their current residents. The survey consisted of 12 questions, which included Likert-type scale responses and yes or no responses.

Results: Fifty-eight residents out of approximately 507 responded. Forty-one of 57 respondents (72%) were in year 1 of residency when they performed their first arthroscopy, and 53 of 57 (93%) were not very comfortable when they performed their first arthroscopy. With respect to VR simulator exposure, approximately 31of 51 (61%) reported no exposure to a VR simulator, and 40 of 50 (80%) reported that their program did not provide a skills laboratory where they could practice arthroscopy. Of 50 respondents, 37 (74%) believed that a skills laboratory was important, 28 (56%) believed that a resident should perform 1 to 10 arthroscopies in a skills laboratory before performing one in the operating room, 34 (60%) believed that skills acquired in a skills laboratory would transfer to the operating room, and 33 (66%) agreed that every residency program should provide a skills laboratory. However, 29 (58%) believed that a skills laboratory would not improve patient safety.

Conclusions: Osteopathic orthopedic surgery residents indicated that they would benefit from the addition of an arthroscopic skills laboratory with a VR simulator. Furthermore, they believed that the skills learned in the skills laboratory would transfer to the operating room and would increase their comfort level with the procedure.

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