The Other 45: Improving Patients’ Chronic Disease Self-Management and Medical Students’ Communication Skills

Alexis M. Stoner, MPH, PhD; Matthew Cannon, DO; Liang Shan, PhD; Deanna Plewa, OMS IV; Claire Caudell, OMS IV; and Luke Johnson, OMS IV
Notes and Affiliations
Notes and Affiliations

Received: August 9, 2018

Accepted: August 24, 2018

Published: November 1, 2018

J Osteopath Med; 118(11): 703-712

Context: To improve chronic disease self-management among an underserved population and to improve the skills of second-year osteopathic medical students, an educational curriculum, The Other 45, was developed. In addition to a typical 15-minute office visit, this program allows second-year students to provide chronic disease education to patients for 45 minutes in an effort to improve patient disease self-management and associated health outcomes.

Objectives: To determine whether patients who participate in The Other 45 report improvements in their ability to manage their chronic disease(s) and their health outcomes and whether second-year osteopathic medical students report changes in patient-centered care, clinical confidence, and medical/teaching knowledge.

Methods: Patients with a previously diagnosed chronic disease participated in 3 visits for The Other 45. Chronic disease self-management and health outcomes were measured using the Health Education Impact Questionnaire, which participants completed at each visit. Students received a formal presentation on teaching skills, and those who participated in The Other 45 completed a pre- and postclinic survey measuring 3 focused domains: patient-centered care, clinical confidence, and medical/teaching knowledge.

Results: A total of 47 patients and 69 students participated in the study. As measured by the Health Education Impact Questionnaire, patients’ skill and technique acquisition (P=.01), constructive attitudes and approaches (P=.01), and health services navigation (P=.03) showed significant improvement at the 3-week follow-up visit, and self-monitoring and insight showed significant improvement (P=.01) at the 3-month follow-up visit. Patients’ positive and active engagement in life (P=.04 and P=.03) and emotional well-being (P=.003 and P=.0007) significantly improved at the 3-week and 3-month follow-up, respectively. The students improved significantly in all 3 domains as a result of participating in the program: patient-centered care (P=.012), clinical confidence (P<.001), and medical/teaching knowledge (P=.002).

Conclusions: The Other 45 was effective in improving patients’ ability to manage their chronic disease(s), as well as improving second-year osteopathic medical students’ ability to educate a patient with chronic disease. Implementing this type of program has the potential to affect patients with chronic disease as well as medical students in a rural underserved setting.

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