Advance Articles

Medical Education

Common outpatient diagnoses and associated treatments logged by osteopathic medical students within a geriatric population

Hannah C. Coulson, DO; Miriam Brown, DO; Kyle Burke, DO; Emma Griffith, DO; Victoria Shadiack, DO; Harold R. Garner, PhD; and Jaime A. Foushee, PharmD
This study aimed to assess the most common diagnoses and corresponding treatments logged by osteopathic medical students within an ambulatory geriatric population.
Advance Article
NMM/OMT

The effect of osteopathic manipulative treatment on quality of life in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices

Jacqueline Nikakis, MBS; Ermin Tale, BS; Denis Malkov, MD; Uddampreet S. Arora, BS; Jordan Keys, DO; To Shan Li, DO; Sheldon C. Yao, DO; and Todd J. Cohen, MD
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of OMT on quality of life in in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices
Advance Article
Medical Education

On-site peer mentorship’s effect on personal and professional development, stress reduction, and ease of transition into the medical education system

Savannah Whitfield, DO; Caryn Hazard, BS; Brittnee Haynes, DO; Todd Coffey, PhD; Launa Lynch, PhD; and Sarah Davis, DO
The purpose of this study was to identify sources of mentorship within the medical education system and compare the subjective growth of the inaugural and second classes of a newly established medical school in the three domains.
Advance Article
Medical Education

DO seniors and IMGs have lower match probabilities than MD seniors after adjusting for specialty choice and USMLE Step 1 score

Dhimitri A. Nikolla, DO, MS; Kaitlin M. Bowers, DO; Brittany Smith, BS; Christina L. Elsayed, BS; Abigail Daniels, MS; Thomas Sandoval, BS; Kyle J. Hitchman, BS; Irtaza Asar, DO; Dillon C. Kolacz, MD; and Vishnu Mudrakola, DO
The objective of this study was to compare match probabilities between applicant types after adjusting for specialty choice and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 scores.
Advance Article
NMM/OMT

Effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative applications on hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis in youth with major depressive disorder: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Ömer O. Pala, PT, MSc, PhD; Seyit Çıtaker, PT, MSc, PhD; Esra Güney, MD; Aylin Sepici, MD; Güner M. Güveli, MD; Burak Arslan, MD; and Meltem Gürü, MD
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the osteopathic sympathetic harmonization on the sympathetic nervous system and the HPA axis in youth with major depressive disorder.
Advance Article
Medical Education

Where are the Black men in osteopathic medical schools?

Michael N. Megafu, MPH
Despite concerted efforts, the representation of underrepresented populations in medicine, particularly Black men, remains alarmingly low. This commentary delves into the persisting challenges and potential solutions surrounding the lack of diversity of Black men in osteopathic schools.
Advance Article
Clinical Image

A masquerading presentation of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans

Erin Berg, MS; Nadia Khan, MS; and Robert Dazé, DO, FAAD
Advance Article
Public Health and Primary Care

The establishment of conscientious monopolies in rural communities

Forrest Bohler, BS; and Allison Garden, BS
The authors discuss some of the unique ramifications that are likely to occur when rural providers invoke conscientious objection in their medical practice and how this can in turn establish conscientious monopolies for the members of their communities.
Advance Article
NMM/OMT

The short- and long-term effect of osteopathic manipulative treatment on pain, and psychosocial factors in adults with chronic low back pain

Clarence L. Nicodemus, DO, PhD; Jessica Epstein, MS; Marianne Huebner, PhD; Barry DeCicco, MS; and Moaid Shaik
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of neuromusculoskeletal medicine/osteopathic manipulative medicine in treating chronic low back pain, with a focus on biopsychosocial and pain control in chronic conditions.
Advance Article
Medical Education

Examining differences in trends in the orthopedic surgery match for osteopathic and allopathic medical graduates after the transition to single accreditation

Robert S. Wood, DO; and Jacqueline Krumrey, MD
This paper examines the differences in the trends in orthopedic surgery match rates for DO vs. MD applicants since the single accreditation merger transition began in 2015.
Advance Article
Musculoskeletal Medicine and Pain

Limb spasticity and telemedicine consultation for reconstructive surgery: patient perspectives of surgical assessment

Abigail Bardwell, DO; Christopher S. Crowe, MD; and Peter C. Rhee, DO, MS
The objective of this study was to characterize patient perceptions of telemedicine consultation for spasticity surgery and to determine its effectiveness for indicating reconstructive procedures.
Advance Article
Medical Education

A validity study of COMLEX-USA Level 3 with the new test design

Xia Mao, PhD; John R. Boulet, PhD; Jeanne M. Sandella, DO; Michael F. Oliverio, DO; and Larissa Smith, PhD
The purpose of this investigation is to provide additional evidence to support the validity of COMLEX-USA Level 3 scores and associated pass/fail decisions.
Advance Article
Pediatrics

Association and disparities of food insecurity and exposure to violence: analysis of the National Survey of Children’s Health

Molly Bloom, BS; Cassie McCoy, BS; Amy D. Hendrix-Dicken, MA; Covenant Elenwo, MPH; Michael A. Baxter, DO; Sara Coffey, DO; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The authors' primary objective was to assess the relationship between parent-reported exposure to violence and food insecurity among children utilizing data from the National Survey of Children’s Health.
Advance Article
Musculoskeletal Medicine and Pain

Superficial fascia displacement in cervical flexion: differentiating myofascial pain syndrome, a cross-sectional study

Valentin C. Dones, PhD; Mark Angel B. Serra, MOH; Lyle Patrick D. Tangcuangco, MSPT; and Vergel B. Orpilla, MSPT
This study is focused on the role of superficial fascial displacement in identifying people with myofascial pain syndrome during neck bending.
Advance Article
Letters to the Editor

Fostering a research culture in osteopathic medical education

Samuel Kadavakollu, PhD; Thu Dang, BS; and Sherese Richards, MD
Advance Article
Medical Education

Prevalence and quality of medical Spanish education in US osteopathic medical schools: a national survey

Kally Dey, BA; Sinibaldo Romero Arocha, BS; Yoon Soo Park, PhD; and Pilar Ortega, MD, MGM
The objectives of this study are to describe the medical Spanish educational landscape at US osteopathic schools and evaluate program adherence to previously established basic standards.
Advance Article
Clinical Image

Tumid lupus masquerading as rosacea

Austin B. Ambur, DO; Mahroo Khalid, MD; Aaron B. Ambur, BS; Kiana Kaya, BS; and Rajiv Nathoo, MD
Advance Article
General

Research integrity and academic medicine: the pressure to publish and research misconduct

Molly Kearney, MSc; Maren Downing, MEng; and Elizabeth A. Gignac, DO
In this review, the authors explore existing guidelines for authorship, common types of research misconduct, the implications of scholarly work for medical learners and faculty, consequences of research misconduct, and possible solutions to promote integrity in academic medicine.
Advance Article
Musculoskeletal Medicine and Pain

Use of person-centered language in obesity-related publications across sports medicine journals: a systematic review of adherence to person-centered language guidelines in sports medicine

Jason Webb, BA; Kaylee Mach, BS; Trey Gooch, BS; Arjun Reddy, BS; Michael Anderson, DO; Jeremy Scott, DO; Jake Checketts, DO; Lance Walker, DO; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The authors' primary objective was to determine if person-centered language guidelines specific to obesity have been properly followed in the top 10 sports medicine journals.
Advance Article
Musculoskeletal Medicine and Pain

The association of folate deficiency with clinical and radiological severity of knee osteoarthritis

Majid Abedi, MD; Hasan Mollashahi Javan, MD; Asal Khosravi, MD; Reza Rohani, MD; and Ghasem Mohammadsharifi, MD
This study aimed to assess the association of folate deficiency with the clinical and radiological severity of knee osteoarthritis.
Advance Article
General

Implementation and mixed-methods evaluation of “Walk with a Doc” program at Stony Brook

Ursula N. Landman, DO; Zaina Naeem, MD, MPH; Ingrid L. Chen, MD; Areeg Naeem, MS; and Raja Jaber, MD
This report presents data from the Walk with a Doc program’s first 5 months at Stony Brook to inform practice-based management decisions pertaining to the clinical utility and future adaptation of walking programs in suburban communities.
Advance Article
Innovations

Medical malpractice liability in large language model artificial intelligence: legal review and policy recommendations

David O. Shumway, DO; and Hayes J. Hartman, JD
This commentary discusses areas of potential legal vulnerability for clinicians utilizing large language model artificial intelligence (AI) through review of past case law pertaining to third-party medical guidance and reviews the patchwork of current regulations relating to medical malpractice liability in AI.
Advance Article
Medical Education

Perception of opioids among medical students: unveiling the complexities and implications

Samuel Borgemenke, BS; Nicholas Durstock, BS; Lori DeShetler, PhD; Coral Matus, MD, FAAFP; and Elizabeth A. Beverly, PhD
This study aims to explore the beliefs, experiences, and perceived impact of opioids among medical students at Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine and University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences.
Advance Article
Clinical Image

Calciphylaxis

Nicholas Salupo, DO; Michelle Norris, CNP; and Jonathan J. Taliercio, DO, FASN
Advance Article
Medical Education

Diversity in osteopathic medical school admissions and the COMPASS program: an update

Nadege Dady, EdD; Steven Toplan, MS; Jeffrey Gardere, PhD; Robin Moore, DO; Lorreen Agandi, MS; Ulcha Fergie Ulysse, MS; Aida Aminpour, BA; McKensie Gelvin, BS; Jemima Akinsanya, DO; and Kenneth Steier, DO, MBA, MPH, MHA, MGH
In this Commentary, the authors provide an analysis of the data collected from 8 years of conducting URiM candidate recruitment and organizing welcoming social events.
Advance Article
NMM/OMT

The effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment on pain and disability in patients with chronic low back pain: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial

John M. Popovich, PT, DPT, PhD; Jacek Cholewicki, PhD; N. Peter Reeves, PhD; Lisa A. DeStefano, DO; Jacob J. Rowan, DO; Timothy J. Francisco, DO; Lawrence L. Prokop, DO; Mathew A. Zatkin, DO; Angela S. Lee, MPH; Alla Sikorskii, PhD; Pramod K. Pathak, PhD; Jongeun Choi, PhD; Clark J. Radcliffe, PhD; and Ahmed Ramadan, PhD
The purpose of this study is to further investigate the findings of existing studies on the efficacy of OMT in reducing pain and disability for chronic low back pain with a randomized controlled trial.
Advance Article
Pediatrics

Associations of social determinants of health and childhood obesity: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2021 National Survey of Children’s Health

Kelsi Batioja, BS; Covenant Elenwo, MPH; Amy Hendrix-Dicken, MA; Lamiaa Ali, MD; Marianna S. Wetherill, PhD; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The authors' primary objective was to utilize the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) 2021 data to determine the current associations between childhood obesity and SDOH. Secondarily, we estimated the prevalence of select SDOH among children with obesity.
Advance Article
Public Health and Primary Care

Comorbidities associated with symptoms of subjective cognitive decline in individuals aged 45–64

Zach Monahan, BS; Jacob Heath, BS; Alexis Ditren Santos, BS; Alicia Ford, PhD; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
This study examined correlations between identified dementia comorbidities and subjective cognitive decline (the self-reported presence of worsening memory loss or confusion) in individuals ages 45–64 years.
Advance Article
Letters to the Editor

Osteopathic manipulative treatment for the allopathic resident elective: comments on survey selection

William Kyle Copenhaver, BS
Advance Article
Letters to the Editor

A call to include intersectionality on board examinations

Darian R. Dozier, BS; and José E. Rodríguez, MD, FAAFP
Advance Article