Advance Articles

Cardiopulmonary Medicine

Functional evaluation of the diaphragm with a noninvasive test

Bruno Bordoni, DO, PhD; and Allan R. Escher, DO
Cardiac surgery with median sternotomy causes iatrogenic damage to the function of the diaphragm muscle that is both temporary and permanent. Myocardial infarction itself causes diaphragmatic genetic alterations, which lead the muscle to nonphysiological adaptation. This article reviews the neurophysiological relationships of the diaphragm muscle and the symptoms of diaphragmatic contractile dysfunction, and the authors discuss a scientific basis for the use of a new noninstrumental diaphragmatic test in the hope of stimulating research.
Advance Article
Letters to the Editor

Red reflex variations in black patients

Chinwe Abaraoha, OMS I; and Athina Giovanis, DO
Advance Article
Letters to the Editor

Response to “Tocilizumab therapy and COVID-19”

Pallavi Bhargava, MD
Advance Article
Letters to the Editor

Embracing industry sponsored research to expand osteopathic medical student research experiences

Zachary P. Morehouse, OMS IV, MS; and Rodney J. Nash, PhD
Advance Article
Behavioral Health

The use of person-first language in scientific literature focused on drug-seeking behavior: a cross-sectional analysis

Patrick Sharp, DO; Jaclyn Slattery, DO; Austin Johnson, BS; Trevor Torgerson, BS; Ryan Ottwell, DO; Matt Vassar, PhD; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
Person first language (PFL) – a way of referring to individuals with medical conditions or disability that emphasizes the person over their condition or disability – is important in reducing the stigma surrounding individuals who exhibit drug-seeking behavior. Drug-seeking behavior is generally associated with a negative connotation by healthcare professionals, which may create poor provider perceptions of these individuals and potentially impact patient care. Therefore, to reduce stigmatization surrounding drug-seeking behavior and to improve patient care in these individuals, the use of PFL should be promoted. The primary objective of this study is to investigate how frequently research articles focused on drug-seeking behavior adhere to PFL.
Advance Article
Pediatrics

Osteopathic interventions via telehealth in a pediatric population: a retrospective case series

Joanna L. Kramer, DO, MPH; and Kathleen De Asis, DO, MS
Healthcare delivery was dramatically affected during the COVID-19 pandemic. Many outpatient visits were cancelled or forgone for fear of exposure to the virus, allowing telemedicine to take on a much larger role in healthcare. The delivery of manual therapies, such as osteopathic manipulative treatment, via telehealth posed a unique challenge as these are typically provided in-person by a trained osteopathic physician. This study provides a description of one osteopathic pediatrician’s experience in delivering osteopathic interventions to pediatric patients via telehealth.
Advance Article
Letters to the Editor

Tocilizumab therapy and COVID-19

Rujittika Mungmunpuntipantip, PhD; and Viroj Wiwanitkit, MD
Advance Article
Clinical Image

Epiglottic squamous cell carcinoma

John Carter, DO; Jessica Ball, DO, MPH; George McKean, DO; and Samir Patel, MD, DPM
Advance Article
Medical Education

Analyzing the cost of medical student virtual conference registration by specialty during the COVID-19 pandemic

Daniel Veyg, BS, OMS III; and Robert Gurevich, BBA, MS III
The authors investigate the cost incurred by medical students to attend the premier annual scientific meeting of each major medical specialty in 2020, during the novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and evaluate whether “research intensive” specialties carried greater conference registration costs.
Advance Article