Articles related toPublic Health and Primary Care

Trends of colorectal cancer screening methods: an analysis of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 2018–2020

Gregory Balcerak, BS; Morgan Garrett, BS; Benjamin H. Greiner, DO; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The authors' primary objective was to evaluate trends in colorectal cancer screening methods from 2018 through 2020 by analyzing data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
J Osteopath Med; 123(6): 317-323

Associations of intimate partner violence and maternal comorbidities: a cross-sectional analysis of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System

Micah Hartwell, PhD; Ashley Keener, PhD; Kristyn Robling, BS; Mackenzie Enmeier, BS; Nicholas B. Sajjadi, BS; Benjamin Greiner, DO; and Jameca Price, MD
The authors' primary objective was to examine associations between intimate partner violence — which occurs when an intimate partner inflicts physical, sexual, and/or emotional assault with coercive control — and maternal comorbidities.
J Osteopath Med; 123(8): 405-410

Trends and forecasted rates of adverse childhood experiences among adults in the United States: an analysis of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Micah Hartwell, PhD; Amy Hendrix-Dicken, MA; Rachel Terry, BS; Sadie Schiffmacher, BS; Lauren Conway, DO; and Julie M. Croff, PhD
Given the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) as reported in the literature in addition to the increasing risk factors for ACEs in the US, we hypothesized that the mean ACE score among adults in the US would show a rising trend over time. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate trends in cumulative ACEs from 1940 through 2020.
J Osteopath Med; 123(7): 357-366

Anatomy-based approach to the thyroid examination

Olivia C. Matz, MSA; Hannah C. Gustafson, MSA, MSBS; and Jose Figueroa, DO, FAOCPMR, FAAPMR
In this article, the authors discuss a modified anatomy-based neck and thyroid examination that allows for a more comprehensive evaluation.
J Osteopath Med; 123(5): 269-272

Effects of face masks on oxygen saturation at graded exercise intensities

Varnita Vishwanath, BSc; Clinnt L. Favo, MA; Trevyn H. Tu, MA; Blake Anderson, BS; Colby Erickson, MA; Megan Scarpulla, MA; Julia Kern, MA; Lisa DeWinter, MD; Anette Gawelko, DO; Charlotte Bolch, PhD; and Layla Al-Nakkash, PhD
Mask wearing to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 and other viral infections may raise concerns on the effects of face masks on breathing and cardiopulmonary health. In this study, the authors assess the parameters related to heart and lung physiology between healthy male and female adults exposed to wearing face masks (or not) under conditions of rest and graded exercise.
J Osteopath Med; 123(3): 167-176

Disparities in seasonal influenza vaccine uptake and language preference among Hispanic US adults: an analysis of the 2017–2020 BRFSS

Del Perkins, BA; Angel Giron Lopez, MPH; Gregory Balcerak, BS; Benjamin Greiner, DO; and Micah Hartwell, PhD
The purpose of this study was to compare seasonal influenza vaccine uptake rates between Spanish-and English-preferring Hispanic US adults from 2017 to 2020.
J Osteopath Med; 123(1): 49-54

Conquering diabetes therapeutic inertia: practical tips for primary care

Joy A. Moverley, DHSc, MPH, PA-C; Lucia Novak, NP; and Jay H. Shubrook, DO
Despite well-established management guidelines, only about half of the patients with diabetes achieve glycemic targets, only one in five patients achieve metabolic control, and both patients and physicians find themselves stuck in a rut called therapeutic inertia (TI). The authors present several practical strategies that can be tailored to different practice settings and facilitate reducing TI.
J Osteopath Med; 123(2): 113-120

Casirivimab/imdevimab treatment for outpatient COVID-19 during a SARS-CoV-2 B1.617.2 (Delta) surge at a community hospital

Erika Keshishian, PhD, OMS IV; Elizabeth Kuge, OMS IV; Jordan Memmott, OMS IV; Phillip Hasenbalg, OMS IV; Nakiya Belford, OMS IV; Alexander Matlock, OMS IV; Sarah Schritter, RN; Geovar Agbayani, DO; Tyson Dietrich, PharmD; Anthony Santarelli, PhD; and John Ashurst, DO, MSc
The authors sought to determine if there was a difference in patient-centered outcomes between those who were vaccinated and unvaccinated after the administration of casirivimab/imdevimab for mild-to-moderate COVID-19 during the time when the Delta strain was most prevalent.
J Osteopath Med; 122(12): 635-640

Thoracic outlet syndrome: a review for the primary care provider

Angela C. Cavanna, DO; Athina Giovanis, DO; Alton Daley, OMS II; Ryan Feminella, OMS III; Ryan Chipman, OMS II; and Valerie Onyeukwu, OMS II
This article summarizes what is currently published about thoracic outlet syndrome, its etiologies, common objective findings, and nonsurgical treatment options.
J Osteopath Med; 122(11): 587-599

A narrative review of nine commercial point of care influenza tests: an overview of methods, benefits, and drawbacks to rapid influenza diagnostic testing

Zachary P. Morehouse, DO, MS; Nathan Chance, MS; Gabriella L. Ryan, MS; Caleb M. Proctor, MS; and Rodney J. Nash, PhD
Rapid diagnosis of influenza infections has been shown to reduce improper or delayed treatment and to increase access to diagnostic measures in public health, primary care, and hospital-based settings. In this paper, the authors compare the sensitivity, specificity, and time to diagnosis for nine highly utilized commercial rapid influenza diagnostic tests.
J Osteopath Med; 123(1): 39-47